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An overview of four different national approaches to cyber defense are discussed: those of Norway, Estonia, Germany and Sweden. While providing a useful guide for engagement with the relevant governmental and other organizations in each of these countries, the Paper also compares and contrasts the advantages and drawbacks of each national approach.
cyberdefense; cyberspace; cyber security; Norway; Estonia; Germany; Sweden
Keir Giles Mr. and Kim Hartmann Ms.,
Cyber Defense: An International View ( US Army War College Press, 2015),