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The United States will soon enter the 18th year of combat operations in Afghanistan. During that time, multiple approaches to stabilize the country have been tried, including support to regional security initiatives, “nation-building,” counterinsurgency, counternarcotics, counterterrorism, and “train and equip.” The constellation of anti-government elements known collectively as the Taliban continues to refuse reconciliation or a negotiated peace under the existing Afghan constitution.
Afghanistan; Era of Persistent Conflict; Military Strategy and Policy
Mason, M. Chris Dr., "Recommendations for Success in Afghanistan" (2019). Monographs, Books, and Publications. 373.