Recent Publications from the USAWC Press

Armed Robotic Systems Emergence: Weapons Systems Life Cycles Analysis and New Strategic Realities
Armed Robotic Systems Emergence: Weapons Systems Life Cycles Analysis and New Strategic Realities
Authored by: Dr Robert J Bunker.
November 14, 2017

Armed robotic systems—drones and droids—now emerging on the battlefield portend new strategic realities not only for U.S. forces but also for our allies and future potential belligerents. Numerous questions of immediate warfighting importance come to mind with the fielding of these drones and droids that are viewed as still being in their experimental and entrepreneur...

Evaluation of the 2015 DoD Cyber Strategy: Mild Progress in a Complex and Dynamic Military Domain
Evaluation of the 2015 DoD Cyber Strategy: Mild Progress in a Complex and Dynamic Military Domain
Authored by: Mr Jeffrey L Caton.
November 02, 2017

In 2011, the Department of Defense (DoD) released its Strategy for Operating in Cyberspace, which officially recognized cyberspace as an operational domain akin to the traditional military domains of land, sea, air, and space. This monograph examines the 2015 DoD Cyber Strategy to evaluate how well its five strategic goals and associated implementation objectives defi...

Terrorist Sanctuary in the Sahara: A Case Study
Terrorist Sanctuary in the Sahara: A Case Study
Authored by: LTC Joseph C. Guido.
November 01, 2017

The idea to deny sanctuary to terrorist groups lies at the heart of contemporary U.S. counterterrorism strategy. Violent extremist organizations in North Africa, most notably the group al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM), have used remote and sparsely populated areas in the Sahara for protection from security forces to perform a range of activities such as training...

Closer Than You Think: The Implications of the Third Offset Strategy for the U.S. Army
Closer Than You Think: The Implications of the Third Offset Strategy for the U.S. Army
Edited by: Mr Samuel R White Jr.
October 26, 2017

The Defense Innovation Initiative (DII), begun in November 2014 by former Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel, is intended to ensure U.S. military superiority throughout the 21st century. The DII seeks broad-based innovation across the spectrum of concepts, research and development, capabilities, leader development, wargaming, and business practices. An essential compone...

Climate Impact on National Security
Climate Impact on National Security
Authored by: ISGP Institute on Science for Global Policy, USAWC Strategic Studies Institute.
October 12, 2017

Why does climate matter for the security of the nation and its citizens? A series of critical evaluations and recommendations focused on how current and deteriorating climate/weather conditions impact U.S. national security and U.S. military missions, domestically and internationally.

Toward a NATO of the Gulf? The Challenges of Collective Defense Within the GCC
Toward a NATO of the Gulf? The Challenges of Collective Defense Within the GCC
Authored by: Dr Jean-Loup Samaan.
September 28, 2017

Although collective security in the Gulf is the topic of numerous policy publications, most of the available literature focuses on the political environment without considering the operational requirements of this scenario. This monograph offers an evaluation of Gulf defense cooperation programs in order to stir the discussion on the future of the Gulf Cooperation Cou...

Strategic Landscape, 2050: Preparing the U.S. Military for New Era Dynamics
Strategic Landscape, 2050: Preparing the U.S. Military for New Era Dynamics
Authored by: Mr Roman Muzalevsky.
September 14, 2017

A series of megatrends will present a major challenge to the United States in the coming decades, exposing it to crises and opportunities on the battlefield and in the market. The U.S. military should stand ready to harness these dynamics to retain its edge in an operational environment marked by increased complexity, speed, and intensity of global developments.

The Clash of the Trinities: A New Theoretical Analysis of the General Nature of War
The Clash of the Trinities: A New Theoretical Analysis of the General Nature of War
Authored by: MAJ Daniel D. Maurer.
September 11, 2017

This monograph reimagines war’s fundamental nature, extending Clausewitz’s theory of its political origin and “Trinitarian” elements in a way that embraces alternative, sociological explanations like that of John Keegan. Ultimately, it proposes a new way to visualize the complexities of war’s intrinsic elements, operating at any scale, and expresses war with a complet...

Building Partner Capacity in Africa: Keys to Success
Building Partner Capacity in Africa: Keys to Success
Edited by: Prof Frank L Jones.
August 29, 2017

The fiscal year (FY) 2017 National Defense Authorization Act, which includes a title to reform the Department of Defense (DoD) security cooperation, has far-reaching implications for U.S. defense interests in Africa. As the Chairman of the House Armed Services Committee notes, “the Department of Defense continues to place greater emphasis on security cooperation, to i...

Parameters Summer 2017, Vol. 47 No. 2
Parameters Summer 2017, Vol. 47 No. 2
Edited by: Dr Antulio J Echevarria II.
August 28, 2017

The Summer issue of Parameters opens with an essay by Sir Lawrence Freedman entitled “Beyond Surprise Attack.” Surprise, argues Freedman, can come in any number of forms, and sometimes those that come in the middle or end of a campaign prove the most decisive. Our first forum, Reevaluating Diplomatic & Military Power, offers two articles. The first, “What Are America...

Strategic Insights: Lost in Translation
Strategic Insights: Lost in Translation
Authored by: Dr M Chris Mason.
August 17, 2017

In a change from the Vietnam War—where the U.S. military trained at least 45,000 deploying service members to speak Vietnamese and probably twice that number—for the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, apart from some remotely-based intelligence specialists doing classified work, the U.S. military trained almost no deploying personnel to speak either Arabic or Pashto fluent...

What Should the U.S. Army Learn From History? Recovery From a Strategy Deficit
What Should the U.S. Army Learn From History? Recovery From a Strategy Deficit
Authored by: Dr Colin S Gray.
July 26, 2017

Does history repeat itself? This monograph clearly answers “no,” firmly. However, it does not argue that an absence of repetition in the sense of analogy means that history can have no utility for the soldier today. This monograph argues for a “historical parallelism,” in place of shaky or false analogy. The past, even the distant and ancient past, provides evidence o...

The Army War College Review Vol. 3 No. 2
The Army War College Review Vol. 3 No. 2
Authored by: Colonel James M. Efaw, Lieutenant Colonel Benjamin R. Jonsson, Lieutenant Colonel Asariel Loria, Commander Mark O’Connell, Colonel Stephen E. Schemenauer.
Edited by: Dr Larry D Miller.
July 24, 2017

The Army War College Review, a refereed publication of student work, is produced under the purview of the Strategic Studies Institute and the United States Army War College. An electronic quarterly, The AWC Review connects student intellectual work with professionals invested in U.S. national security, Landpower, strategic leadership, global security studies, and the ...

The Army War College Review Vol. 3 No. 1
The Army War College Review Vol. 3 No. 1
Authored by: Colonel Darren Huxley, COL David C. Menser, Lieutenant Colonel Carter L. Price, Lieutenant Colonel Jaren K. Price, LTC Geoffrey W. Wright.
Edited by: Dr Larry D Miller.
July 18, 2017

The Army War College Review, a refereed publication of student work, is produced under the purview of the Strategic Studies Institute and the United States Army War College. An electronic quarterly, The AWC Review connects student intellectual work with professionals invested in U.S. national security, Landpower, strategic leadership, global security studies, and the ...

Ends, Means, Ideology, and Pride: Why the Axis Lost and What We Can Learn from Its Defeat
Ends, Means, Ideology, and Pride: Why the Axis Lost and What We Can Learn from Its Defeat
Authored by: Dr Jeffrey Record.
July 13, 2017

The author examines the Axis defeat in World War II and concludes that the two main causes were resource inferiority (after 1941) and strategic incompetence—i.e., pursuit of imperial ambitions beyond the reach of its actual power. Until 1941 Axis military fortunes thrived, but the addition in that year of the Soviet Union and the United States to the list of Axis enem...

Transforming the Force: The 11th Air Assault Division (Test) from 1963 to 1965
Transforming the Force: The 11th Air Assault Division (Test) from 1963 to 1965
Authored by: Brigadier General Thomas C. Graves.
June 27, 2017

This monograph will answer the question: Can the U.S. Army apply to the current “prototype brigade” the lessons that were learned during the development and experimentation of the 11th Air Assault Division (Test)? Having established that the criteria of DTLOMS is a valuable tool for evaluating change in military systems, the next step is to apply those criteria to eva...

Corruption, Legitimacy, and Stability: Implications for the U.S. Army
Corruption, Legitimacy, and Stability: Implications for the U.S. Army
Authored by: Dr Shima D Keene.
June 06, 2017

Corruption increases the level of instability and the risk of conflict by undermining the legitimacy and credibility of state institutions. It can be both a cause and effect of poor leadership and governance. States emerging from conflict are particularly vulnerable to corruption, due to the lack of good governance infrastructures; but Western interventions can exacer...

21st-Century Challenges of Command: A View from the Field
21st-Century Challenges of Command: A View from the Field
Authored by: Dr Anna Simons.
May 31, 2017

Leadership receives a tremendous amount of attention, but what about the day-to-day command challenges that confront O-4s, O-5s, and O-6s in today’s war zones? What has command entailed over the past decade and a half for special operations force (SOF) commanders who have deployed to Afghanistan (and Iraq) either to lead or to work under Special Operations Task Forces...

From Across the War College

Center for Strategic Leadership (CSL)

Rethinking Sovereignty in the Context of Cyberspace: The Cyber Sovereignty Workshop Series Recent successful "hacks," allegedly carried out by professionals acting on behalf of, or in concert with nation-states have heightened concerns about cyber warfare and sovereignty... Authored by: Cynthia E. Ayers Click here for more like this

Strategic Studies Institute (SSI)

U.S. Landpower in the South China Sea U.S. landpower is an essential, but often overlooked, element of national power in semi-enclosed maritime environments like the South China Sea. This monograph gives U.S. policymak... Authored by: LTC Clarence J Bouchat (USAF, Ret) Click here for more like this

Peace & Stability Journal, Volume 7, Issue 2 Welcome to the most recent issue of the PKSOI Peace & Stability Journal. In this edition the PKSOI Director Colonel Gregory Dewitt will introduce the articles of the Journal, go ov... Edited by: Mister Robert C Browne Click here for more like this

Army Heritage and Education Center (AHEC)

Precedents, Variables, and Options in Planning a U.S. Military Disengagement Strategy from Iraq The questions of how to empower the Iraqis most effectively and then progressively withdraw non-Iraqi forces from that country is one of the most important policy problems currentl... Authored by: Dr Conrad C Crane, Dr W Andrew Terrill Click here for more like this

School of Strategic Landpower

AY17 Theater Strategy and Campaigning Course Directive Theater Strategy and Campaigning focuses on the study of strategic and operational art to employ the military instrument of national power in pursuit of achieving national goals. T... Authored by: COL Douglas W Bennett, Dr Richard A Lacquement Jr Click here for more like this

Student Award Papers

Migration Crisis: A Catalyst for a New Europe? In 2015, the movement of migrants from Africa and the Middle East caught the E.U. completely off guard. As the numbers grew over the year, many people throughout Europe began to se... Authored by: Lieutenant Colonel Andrew S. Zieseniss Click here for more like this

Practitioner's Corner

2017-18 Key Strategic Issues List

Edited by: COL Todd E. Key November 15, 2017

For over a decade, the USAWC has published the annual Key Strategic Issues List (KSIL) to inform students, faculty, and external research associates of strategic topics requiring research and analysis. Part I of the Academic Year (AY) 2018 KSIL, referred to as the Chief of Staff of the Army Special Interest Topics, consists of critical topics demanding special attention. A subset of these topics will be addressed by the USAWC as Integrated Research Projects. Part II: Army Priorities for Strategic Analysis, has been developed by the U.S. Army War College in coordination with Headquarters Department of the Army (HQDA) and Ma...

Campaign Planning Handbook

Authored by: COL Douglas W Bennett, COL Tarn D Warren November 21, 2016

The purpose of this document is to assist United States Army War College students during the Theater Strategy and Campaigning (TSC) course. It also serves to assist commanders, planners, and other staff officers in combatant commands (CCMD), joint task forces (JTF), and service component commands. It supplements joint doctrine and contains elements of emerging doctrine as practiced globally by joint force commanders (JFCs). It portrays a way to apply doctrine and emerging doctrine at the higher levels of joint command, with a primary emphasis at the combatant command level.

2016-17 Key Strategic Issues List

Edited by: Prof John F Troxell July 01, 2016

The United States faces security challenges within a global context of rapid technological change, significant demographic shifts, an uncertain economy, and geostrategic power dynamics of historic proportions. These conditions intensify the level of uncertainty and the pace of change, and raise the potential for significant interstate conflict to levels higher than at any time since the end of the Cold War. We must continue to focus the efforts of the Army's educational institutions on addressing these seemingly insurmountable challenges. The Key Strategic Issues List (KSIL), developed by the U.S. Army War College, in coor...

How the Army Runs

Authored by: Prof Charles D Allen, Mr Armor Brown II, COL (Ret) Jerry Chastain, Mr Craig Dyer, Prof Edward J Filiberti, Mr Steven Grimes, Dr Jeffrey L Groh, ... August 28, 2015

Since the events of 9/11, the Army has transformed to a modular force, transitioned to regional engagement augmented with a stand-by global response force, and continued as a force trusted to defend America’s citizens and interests at home and abroad. The Army, as the backbone of the Joint Force, requires dynamic change, adaptation to the variables of the Operating Environment, agility to overmatch adversaries, and the staying power to withstand the blows of a convulsive strategic environment. Army Force Management, as a continuum across Doctrine, Organization, Training, Materiel, Leadership and Education, Personnel, Facil...

How Nation-States Craft National Security Strategy Documents

Authored by: Dr Alan G Stolberg October 01, 2012

The need for security and the institutionalization of that security in national strategy and its associated documents is becoming a significant concern for nations in the 21st century international system. This need requires the development of national-level strategies that are designed with objectives; the attainment of which can ensure that the conditions necessary for security for a given actor in the international system can be met. The intent of this monograph is to explore the actual processes that nation-states employ to craft their national security strategy-related documents. The study aligned individual case stud...

U.S. Army War College Guide to National Security Issues, Vol. 1: Theory of War and Strategy, 5th Ed.

Authored by: Dr J Boone Bartholomees Jr Edited by: Dr J Boone Bartholomees Jr June 01, 2012

This edition of the U.S. Army War College Guide to National Security Issues continues to reflect the structure and approach of the core national security strategy and policy curriculum at the U.S. Army War College. The 5th Edition is published in two volumes that correspond roughly to the Department of National Security and Strategy’s core courses: “Theory of War and Strategy” and “National Security Policy and Strategy.” Like previous editions, this one is based on its predecessor, but contains both updates and new scholarship. Over a third of the chapters are new or have undergone significant rewrites. Many chapters, some...

U.S. Army War College Guide to National Security Issues, Vol 2: National Security Policy and Strategy, 5th Ed.

Authored by: Dr J Boone Bartholomees Jr Edited by: Dr J Boone Bartholomees Jr July 01, 2012

This edition of the U.S. Army War College Guide to National Security Issues continues to reflect the structure and approach of the core national security strategy and policy curriculum at the U.S. Army War College. The 5th Edition is published in two volumes that correspond roughly to the Department of National Security and Strategy’s core courses: “Theory of War and Strategy” and “National Security Policy and Strategy.” Like previous editions, this one is based on its predecessor, but contains both updates and new scholarship. Over a third of the chapters are new or have undergone significant rewrites. Many chapters, some...