Bert B. Tussing, John Eric Powell, Benjamin C. Leitzel



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As indicated in the 2018 National Defense Strategy and evolving Multi-Domain Operations doctrine, the assumption the homeland will provide a secure space for mobilization and deployment is no longer valid. This integrated research project goes beyond affirming this assumption and contributes to efforts to mitigate the concerns a contested deployment entails.

Following the introductory chapter, Chapter 2, “Army Deployments in a Contested Homeland: A Framework for Protection,” explores how current coordination and cooperation mechanisms between the DoD and state and local government may need realignment, with civil authorities preparing themselves to support military mobilization. Chapter 3, “Strategic Seaports and National Defense in a Contested Environment,” examines the 22 strategic seaports across the United States, identifying issues with throughput, structural integrity, security, readiness, funding, and authorities. Chapter 4, “Single Point of Failure,” identifies how strict adherence to a business efficiency model for munition production and distribution may jeopardize the successful employment of military forces. Chapter 5, “The Interstate Highway System: Reinvestment Needed before a Contested Deployment,” provides the status of the deteriorating road network and explains how associated vulnerabilities could be exploited by an adversary. The two appendices provide points for consideration on cyberattacks and defense and the impacts a full mobilization of reserve forces would have on the homeland.



Publication Date



US Army War College Press


Carlisle, Pennsylvania


Alexander Hamilton, Angus King, Arthur C. Roscoe, August Cole, Aundre F. Piggee, Baron von Steuben, Barry D. Watts, Beau Riely, Benjamin C. Leitzel, Bert B. Tussing, Brian D. Wisniewski, Brian Jenkins, Chanakya, Charles E. Brady, Charles R. Burnett, Chris Dupin, Christian A. Haffey, Christopher J. McMahon, Donald Rumsfeld, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Edmund Riely, Edward Snowden, Everett C. Dolman, George W. Bush, George Washington, Greg Pieratt, Henry Knox, James L. Boling, James Mattis, Jayson Ahern, John Bretthorst, John E. Hyten, John Eric Powell, Jonathan M. Boling, Joseph Kramek, Kautilya, Keith B. Alexander, Kenneth Deal, Larry Wyche, Lars Jensen, Mark A. Milley, Mark S. Kuhar, Mary A. Field, Michael S. Rogers, Nancy Menges, Norma Torres, P. W. Singer, Robert A. Rossi, Roger Boesche, Saddam Hussein, Sayfullo Saipov, Stephen W. Ladd, Steven E. Landis, Thomas S. Schorr Jr., Valery Gerasimov, Vishnugupta, Walter Neal Anderson, William J. Clinton, Yojiro Konno, Afghanistan War, Bosnian War, Cold War, Exercise Nifty Nugget, Exercise Proud Saber, Exercise Proud Spirit, Iraq War, Korean War, Operation Desert Shield, Operation Desert Storm, Operation Restore Hope, Operation Uphold Democracy, Persian Gulf War, Philippine Revolution, Spanish-American War, Syrian Civil War, War on terrorism, World War II, ADP 3-37 Protection, Army Protection Program, Army Regulation 525-2, Coast Guard, Contested development, Contested homeland, Contextual awareness, Coordinated protection, Counterintelligence, Criminal intelligence, Critical infrastructure, Critical infrastructure cyber


Defense and Security Studies | Emergency and Disaster Management | Military and Veterans Studies | Other Public Affairs, Public Policy and Public Administration | Policy Design, Analysis, and Evaluation | Politics and Social Change | Public Administration | Public Affairs | Public Policy

Contested Deployment