The US Army War College Quarterly: Parameters

Secretary of the Army

Honorable Christine E. Wormuth

Chief of Staff of the Army

General James C. McConville


Major General David C. Hill

Director, SSI and USAWC Press

Dr. Carol V. Evans

Editor in Chief

Dr. Antulio J. Echevarria II

Managing Editor

Ms. Lori K. Janning

Marketing and Production Editor

Mr. Richard K. Leach

Copy Editor

Ms. Maxianne Villalon

Consulting Editor

Dr. Erin M. Forest

Visual Information Specialists

Mrs. Kristen G. Taylor

Ms. Stephanie Crider

Assistant Editor

Ms. Samantha Juliana


Mrs. Jennifer E. Nevil

Contributing Editors

Dr. Tami Davis Biddle, US Army War College, DNSS

Dr. Jacqueline N. Deal, Long Term Strategy Group, LLC

Dr. Steven K. Metz, US Army War College, DNSS

Dr. Jacob N. Shapiro, Princeton University

Dr. Patricia M. Shields, Texas State University

Editorial Board Members

Dr. Anne Louise Antonoff, Marine Corps University

Dr. Hal Brands, Johns Hopkins University

Dr. Douglas W. Bristol Jr., University of Southern Mississippi

Dr. Robert J. Bunker, US Army War College, SSI

Mr. Jeffery L. Caton, Kepler Strategies, LLC

Dr. Samuel Charap, RAND Corporation

Murray R. Clark, Col (USAF Retired), At Large

Dr. Conrad C. Crane, LTC (USA Retired), US Army Heritage and Education Center

Prof. Audrey Kurth Cronin, American University

Mark J. Eshelman, COL (USA Retired), US Army War College, DDE

Dr. David M. Finkelstein, Center for Naval Analyses

Lee K. Grubbs, US Army Training and Doctrine Command

Dr. T. X. Hammes, National Defense University

Dr. Stéfanie von Hlatky, Queen’s University, Centre for International and Defence Policy

Dr. An Jacobs, Nottingham Trent University

Ms. Nina Jankowicz, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars

Dr. Paul Rexton Kan, US Army War College, DNSS

Dr. Genevieve Lester, US Army War College, De Serio Chair

Dr. Matthew C. Mason, US Army War College, SSI

Dr. Montgomery McFate, Naval War College

Dr. Jennifer Mittelstadt, Rutgers University

Dr. Andrew Monaghan, Royal United Services Institute

Dr. Matthew Pinsker, Dickinson College

Dr. Patrick Porter, University of Exeter

Dr. George E. Reed, COL (USA Retired), University of Colorado, Colorado Springs

Dr. Bettina Renz, University of Nottingham

Dr. Thomas Rid, Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies

Dr. Nadia Schadlow, Hudson Institute

Dr. Sibylle Scheipers, University of St. Andrews

Dr. Andrew C. Scobell, RAND Corporation

Dr. Kalev Sepp, Naval Postgraduate School

Dr. Luis Simón, Vrije Universiteit Brussel

Dr. Anna Simons, Naval Postgraduate School

Dr. Emile Simpson, Harvard, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

Dr. Samantha A. Taylor, US Army War College, DNSS

Mr. Timothy L. Thomas, Lieutenant Colonel (US Army, retired), MITRE Corporation

John F. Troxell, COL (USA Retired), At Large

Bert B. Tussing, Col (USMC Retired), US Army War College, CSL

Dr. Marybeth P. Ulrich, US Army War College, DNSS

Dr. Katarzyna Zysk, Norwegian Institute for Defence Studies