The US Army War College Quarterly: Parameters

Secretary of the Army

Honorable Christine E. Wormuth

Chief of Staff of the Army

General James C. McConville


Major General David C. Hill

Director, SSI and USAWC Press

Dr. Carol V. Evans

Editor in Chief

Dr. Antulio J. Echevarria II

Managing Editor

Ms. Lori K. Janning

Digital Media Manager

Mr. Richard K. Leach

Developmental Editor

Dr. Erin M. Forest

Copy Editors

Ms. Stephanie D. Crider

Ms. Elizabeth Foster

Visual Information Specialist

Mrs. Kristen G. Taylor


Mrs. Jennifer E. Nevil

Contributing Editors

Dr. Jacqueline N. Deal, Long Term Strategy Group, LLC

Dr. Steven K. Metz, US Army War College, DNSS

Dr. C. Anthony Pfaff, US Army War College, SSI

Dr. Bettina Renz, University of Nottingham

Dr. Jacob N. Shapiro, Princeton University

Dr. Patricia M. Shields, Texas State University

Editorial Board Members

Dr. Anne Louise Antonoff, Marine Corps University

Dr. Hal Brands, Johns Hopkins University

Dr. Douglas W. Bristol Jr., University of Southern Mississippi

Dr. Robert J. Bunker, US Army War College, SSI

Mr. Jeffery L. Caton, Kepler Strategies, LLC

Dr. Samuel Charap, RAND Corporation

Mr. Murray R. Clark, Col (USAF Retired), At Large

Dr. Conrad C. Crane, LTC (USA Retired), US Army Heritage and Education Center

Prof. Audrey Kurth Cronin, American University

Mr. Mark J. Eshelman, COL (USA Retired), US Army War College, DDE

Dr. David M. Finkelstein, Center for Naval Analyses

Dr. T. X. Hammes, National Defense University

Dr. Stéfanie von Hlatky, Queen’s University, Centre for International and Defence Policy

Dr. An Jacobs, Nottingham Trent University

Dr. Genevieve Lester, US Army War College, De Serio Chair

Dr. Sarah J. Lohmann, University of Washington

Dr. Matthew C. Mason, US Army War College, SSI

Dr. Montgomery McFate, Naval War College

Dr. Andrew Monaghan, Royal United Services Institute

Dr. Kathleen Moore, US Army War College, CSL

Dr. Matthew Pinsker, Dickinson College

Dr. George E. Reed, COL (USA Retired), University of Colorado, Colorado Springs

Dr. Nadia Schadlow, Hudson Institute

Dr. Sibylle Scheipers, University of St. Andrews

Dr. Andrew C. Scobell, RAND Corporation

Dr. Kalev Sepp, Naval Postgraduate School

Dr. Luis Simón, Vrije Universiteit Brussel

Mr. John W. Spencer, COL (California Army National Guard), Modern War Institute at the United States Military Academy

Dr. Samantha A. Taylor, US Army War College, DNSS

Mr. Timothy L. Thomas, LTC (US Army, retired), MITRE Corporation

Mr. John F. Troxell, COL (USA Retired), At Large

Mr. Bert B. Tussing, Col (USMC Retired), US Army War College, CSL

Dr. Marybeth P. Ulrich, US Army War College, DNSS

Dr. Katarzyna Zysk, Norwegian Institute for Defence Studies