Assessing threats to the air littoral, the airspace between ground forces and high-end fighters and bombers, requires a paradigm change in American military thinking about verticality. This article explores the consequences of domain convergence, specifically for the Army and Air Force’s different concepts of control. It will assist US military and policy practitioners in conceptualizing the air littoral and in thinking more vertically about the air and land domains and the challenges of domain convergence.
Maximilian K. Bremer & Kelly A. Grieco, "The Air Littoral: Another Look," Parameters 51, no. 4 (2021): 67-80, https://press.armywarcollege.edu/parameters/vol51/iss4/7
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