The US Army War College Quarterly: Parameters


Contesting Paul Scharre’s influential vision of “centaur warfighting” and the idea that autonomous weapon systems will replace human warfighters, this article proposes that the manned-unmanned teams of the future are more likely to be minotaurs, teams of humans under the control, supervision, or command of artificial intelligence. It examines the likely composition of the future force and prompts a necessary conversation about the ethical issues raised by minotaur warfighting.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)


04-07-Sparrow-Henschke---Manned-Unmanned-Teaming.mp3 (21900 kB)
Decisive Point Podcast

COS-22-Sparrow-Scharre---AI-Centaurs-Versus-Minotaurs.mp3 (45649 kB)
Conversations on Strategy Podcast

C. Anthony Pfaff and Adam Henschke on Trusting AI.mp3 (23102 kB)
Conversations on Strategy Podcast



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