Counterinsurgency does not increase the legitimacy of, or support for, central governments engaged in internal conflicts. Recent research shows quantifiable degrees of government legitimacy, national identity, and population security are necessary precursors and accurate predictors of a government’s ability to outlast a civil uprising. Because the first two predictors—government legitimacy and national identity—can be measured and do not increase during a conflict, the probability of government failure in most cases can be accurately predicted when the conflict starts.
M. C. Mason, "COIN Doctrine Is Wrong," Parameters 51, no. 2 (2021), https://press.armywarcollege.edu/parameters/vol51/iss2/4