The reemergence of great power competition, conflict with near-peer competitor states below the level of armed conflict, and persisting threats from nonstate actors with transnational ambitions and global reach pose challenges for strategists planning, executing, and assessing military operations and strategy. Building on current visualization tools, two proposed models—the National Strategic Risk Abacus and the National Strategic Risk Radar Chart—address these challenges and better depict how the US military may inadvertently contribute to risk at the national strategic level.
Wade A. Germann & Heather S. Gregg, "Assessing Risk at the National Strategic Level: Visualization Tools for Military Planners," Parameters 51, no. 3 (2021), https://press.armywarcollege.edu/parameters/vol51/iss3/5
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